1848 treaty to end the Mexican-American War
, named after the town of Guadalupe
Hidalgo. As a result of this treaty, the United States
gained substantial territories, through
and the purchase of New Mexico
and parts of other southwestern states.
proved to be a source of some contention in the US Chicano
the 1970s, brought to the forefront by people who claimed that the US did not hold to the
conditions of the treaty, which required the US to grant equal rights
to any Mexican
peoples who chose to remain within US border
s after it was signed.