Swiss painter. Born 1741, died 1807.
During a stay in Rome (beginning 1762), Angelica Kauffmann came under the artistic influence of J.J. Winckelmann, and painted his portrait (1764, now on exhibit at the Kunsthaus in Zürich) - a protrait that played a great part in promoting her career as a painter.
Later, she travelled to Venice, and from 1766 to 1781, she resided in London, where her portraiture style was influenced by Joshua Reynolds. In 1768, she co-founded the Royal Academy. Also, while in London, Kauffmann executed a series of decorative historical paintings in small formats, which were widely popular and extensively reproduced.
Returning to Italy in 1781, she quickly adopted the Neoclassical style, particularly as regards her portraits.