The word hurricane is derived from the Taino language of Central America and its literal translation is "god of evil."
During the 18th century, an Australian meteorologist
, Clement Wragge, began a tradition
of naming hurricanes and tropical storm
s using female
names. The US weather
service began using women's names in the identification of hurricanes in 1953. This all changed in 1978 when both men's and women's names began to be used.
The year 2003 name list for hurricanes as created by the World Meteorological Organization
(for Atlantic Ocean
, Gulf of Mexico
, and Caribbean
The letters Q, U, X, Y, and Z are not used because there are few names beginning with these letters.
Lists are reused every six years, but a specific name will be retired if a storm
and has a grave economic impact
Hurricane hazards include high winds, tornado
s, heavy rain fall and storm surge
s. Storm surges are by far the greatest potential for the loss of life from hurricanes. Historically 9 out of ten victims
of hurricanes died from storm surges.