From June 19 to July 11, 1754 at the end of the French and Indian war the American colonial representatives met in Albany, New York to discuss peace negotiations with the American Indians and to develop a plan of defense against the French. The assembly took this one step further and approved the Albany Plan of Union which created a colonial government with a council of delegates and a general president. This plan was later rejected by the colonial legislators and British Crown but served as an early model for creating an American government during the Revolutionary War.

Among the Attendees were William Franklin and Benjamin Franklin (Pennsylvania), Governor Thomas Hutchinson (Massachusetts), Sir William Johnson (Massachusetts) , Colonel Benjamin Tasker (Maryland), Lieutenant Governor James De Lancey (New York) and representatives of the Iroquois and other Native American tribes.