Populism refers to the Populist Party (also known as The People's Party), an organization of farmers that started in the 1860s. They were angry because there was little support for the aims of farmers within the two traditional political parties. It seemed that there were groups looking out for the rights of all citizens, except for the farmers. The Populist Party set out to change that.

The party nominated James B. Weaver of Iowa, to run as president in their first serious political race, and James G. Field of Virginia to run as vice president (both former Civil War Generals). Though the Democratic leader Grover Cleveland was elected, the Populists came in a strong third. They had the support of over one million, and ended up with 22 electoral votes.

I'll be going through and fixing this up, adding to it, etc. Populism is an interesting topic, in my opinion. :)