Ice in Greenland:
The inland ice cap covers an area of 1.8 million square
kilometres and represents 10% of the world's total fresh water. At its centre the ice cap is 8 km thick. Greenland's ice-free regions cover an area of 341,700 sq. km. Most of Greenland is surrounded by ice: the pack-ice from the polar regions floats along the East Coast, around Cape Farewell and up the west coast. Gradually it breaks up and melts, occasionally reaching as far north as Nuuk.
Thanks to the ice cap, the annual mean temperature, even in South Greenland, is below zero and summer temperatures are rarely higher than 10°C. The lowest temperature ever recorded in Greenland was -70°C at the northernmost tip of the ice cap. Across the outer edges of the ice there are frequent snowstorms and hurricanes: around a metre of snow falls across the ice-cap over the year, equivalent to 34-35
centimetres of water.
Adapted from National Geographic