A war court set up in May 1993 by the United Nations to track down and punish those responsible for atrocities committed in Yugoslavia. The tribunal is also referred to as the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY). It is impossible to give an exact number of indictments given out by the tribunal, as they work both publicly and in secret. Perhaps their most prominent target so far has been Slobodan Milosevic, who was safe from advances by international legal authorities to attempt to arrest him, as he was a leader of the Yugoslavian government. Recent events may change all that, though.

Vojislav Kostunica, the new democratically elected president of the country, has stated that he does not respect the authority of the tribunal, adding that it was not an international court of law, but a court of vengeance for the United States.