, sometimes referred to as real-time reporting, is one of the less-common ways for deaf
and hard of hearing
people to understand
the content of a spoken
discussion. It involves a trained stenographer
, who records what is being said, and a computer
to simultaneously translate
the stenographer's notes into text
on a video screen. Before this technology
was available, written transcript
s took days to produce, but CART allows for not only the simultaneous
transcript but a hard copy
as well. Errors may appear in CART as in any real-time transcription
(including closed captioning
), but if voice recognition
software is ever perfected accurate automatic CART systems may become available.
CART is only useful for deaf individuals with excellent reading skills, which for linguistic reasons is less common than among the hearing population. It is typically only used when the person does not know sign language; for many reasons an interpreter is preferred in most situations. Generally considered a reasonable accommodation under the ADA, it is most frequently seen in the judicial system, because it originated from the skills of court stenographers, but has also been used in classrooms, lecture halls, and other situations.
Legal Rights: The Guide for Deaf and Hard of Hearing People, fifth edition (2000). Pages 10-11.
http://www.goodrichcenter.com/HH.HTM (Google cache version)