The TOEFL (Test of English
as a Foreign Language
), pronounced "toe-full," provides proficiency
testing services for international
students - those who do not speak English as their native tongue
- planning to study in the United States
, or other countries where English is the primary language
of instruction. Administered by the Educational Testing Service
, the TOEFL is available to all individuals worldwide
regardless of age, gender, race, nationality, or religion. Scores on the test are required by more than 4,300 two- and four-year college
s and universities, professional school
s, and sponsor
ing institutions. Most students take the test on computer
, but where access to computer-based testing is limited, a pencil and paper
version is available.
The TOEFL is broken into two parts: the Test of Written English and the Test of Spoken English. All test-takers must write an essay, which may be typed or handwritten. Software practice kits are available, as are audiocassette tests. Centers around the world offer the twenty-minute oral portion of the exam.