Austrian city located in the Bundesland (state) Niederösterreich (Lower Austria)

Baden, found 26km south of Vienna, has about 28,000 inhabitants and is famous for its hot sulfuric springs, being the city's economic basis for ages (colonization started in the stone age). The Romans built a bathing resort named Aquae here, the name renamed after the invasion of the barbarians as Padun which sounds like today's name Baden which means to bath in German.

After several destructions and abandonments of the town due to sieges by the Turks or the plague the penultimate reconstruction as thermal city started in the 18th century. Emperor Franz I of Austria declared Baden its summer residence, many famous people of his time followed him, amongst others Ludwig van Beethoven and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. After a final fire in 1812 Baden was completely rebuilt, giving the town its Biedermeier appearance.

After the incorporation of Leesdorf, Gutenbrunn (1850) and Weikersdorf (1912) the city reached today's extent.