Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Whole Bible
back to: Job
Book: Job
Chapter: 42

Job humbly submits unto God. (1-6) Job intercedes for his
friends. (7-9) His renewed prosperity. (10-17)

1-6 Job was now sensible of his guilt; he would No longer speak
in his own excuse; he abhorred himself as a sinner in Heart and
Life, especially for Murmuring against God, and took shame to
himself. When the understanding is enlightened By the Spirit of
Grace, our knowledge of Divine things as far exceeds what we had
before, as the sight of the eyes excels report and common fame.
By the teachings of men, God reveals his Son to us; but By the
teachings of his Spirit he reveals his Son in us, Ga 1:16, and
changes us into the same image, 2Co 3:18. It concerns us to be
deeply humbled for the sins of which we are convinced.
Self-loathing is ever the companion of true Repentance. The Lord
will bring those whom he loveth, to Adore him in self-abasement;
while true Grace will always lead them to confess their sins
without self-justifying.

7-9 After the Lord had convinced and humbled Job, and brought
him to Repentance, he owned him, comforted him, and Put honour
upon him. The Devil had undertaken to prove Job a Hypocrite, and
his three friends had condemned him as a wicked Man; but if God
say, Well done, thou good and Faithful servant, it is of little
consequence who says otherwise. Job's friends had wronged God,
By making prosperity a Mark of the true Church, and affliction a
certain proof of God's wrath. Job had referred things to the
future Judgment and the future state, more than his friends,
therefore he spake of God that which was right, better than his
friends had done. And as Job prayed and offered Sacrifice for
those that had grieved and wounded his Spirit, So Christ prayed
for his persecutors, and ever lives, making intercession for the
transgressors. Job's friends were good men, and belonged to God,
and He would not let them be in their mistake any more than Job;
but having humbled him By a discourse out of the whirlwind, he
takes another way to humble them. They are not to argue the
matter again, but they must agree in a Sacrifice and a Prayer,
and that must reconcile them. Those who differ in Judgment about
lesser things, yet are one in Christ the great Sacrifice, and
ought therefore to Love and Bear with one another. When God was
angry with Job's friends, he Put them in a way to make peace
with him. Our quarrels with God always begin On our part, but
the making peace begins On his. Peace with God is to be had only
in his own way, and upon his own terms. These will never seem
hard to those who know how to value this blessing: they will be
glad of it, like Job's friends, upon any terms, though ever So
humbling. Job did not insult over his friends, but God being
graciously reconciled to him, he was easily reconciled to them.
In all our prayers and services we should aim to be accepted of
the Lord; not to have praise of men, but to please God.

10-17 In the beginning of this Book we had Job's patience under
his troubles, for an Example; here, for our encouragement to
follow that Example, we have his happy End. His troubles began
in Satan's malice, which God restrained; his restoration began
in God's Mercy, which Satan could not oppose. Mercy did not
return when Job was disputing with his friends, but when he was
praying for them. God is served and pleased with our warm
devotions, not with our warm disputes. God doubled Job's
possessions. We may lose much for the Lord, but we shall not
lose any thing By him. Whether the Lord gives us health and
temporal blessings or not, if we patiently suffer according to
his will, in the End we shall be happy. Job's estate increased.
The blessing of the Lord makes rich; it is he that gives us
power to get wealth, and gives success in honest endeavours. The
last days of a good Man sometimes prove his best, his last Works
his best Works, his last comforts his best comforts; for his
path, like that of the morning Light, shines more and more unto
the perfect Day.