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1:1 God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets, 1:2 Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds; 1:3 Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high: 1:4 Being made so much better than the angels, as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.

1:5 For unto which of the angels said he at any time, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee? And again, I will be to him a Father, and he shall be to me a Son? 1:6 And again, when he bringeth in the firstbegotten into the world, he saith, And let all the angels of God worship him.

1:7 And of the angels he saith, Who maketh his angels spirits, and his ministers a flame of fire.

1:8 But unto the Son he saith, Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of thy kingdom.

1:9 Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, even thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.

1:10 And, Thou, Lord, in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the works of thine hands: 1:11 They shall perish; but thou remainest; and they all shall wax old as doth a garment; 1:12 And as a vesture shalt thou fold them up, and they shall be changed: but thou art the same, and thy years shall not fail.

1:13 But to which of the angels said he at any time, Sit on my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool? 1:14 Are they not all ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation?

Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Whole Bible
back to: Hebrews
Book: Hebrews
Chapter: 1

The surpassing dignity of the Son of God in his Divine person,
and in his creating and mediatorial work. (1-3) And in his
superiority to all the holy angels. (4-14)

1-3 God spake to his ancient people at sundry times, through
successive generations, and in divers manners, as he thought
proper; sometimes By personal directions, sometimes By dreams,
sometimes By visions, sometimes By Divine influences On the
minds of the prophets. The Gospel Revelation is excellent above
the former; in that it is a Revelation which God has made By his
Son. In beholding the power, Wisdom, and Goodness of the Lord
Jesus Christ, we behold the power, Wisdom, and Goodness of the
Father, Joh 14:7; the Fulness of the Godhead dwells, not
typically, or in a figure, but really, in him. When, On the fall
of Man, the world was breaking to Pieces under the wrath and
Curse of God, the Son of God, undertaking the work of
Redemption, sustained it By his almighty power and Goodness.
From the Glory of the person and office of Christ, we proceed to
the Glory of his Grace. The Glory of His person and nature, gave
to his sufferings such merit as was a full satisfaction to the
honour of God, who suffered an infinite injury and affront By
the sins of men. We never can be thankful enough that God has in
So many ways, and with such increasing clearness, spoken to us
fallen sinners concerning Salvation. That he should By himself
cleanse us from our sins is a wonder of Love Beyond our utmost
powers of admiration, gratitude, and praise.

4-14 Many Jews had a superstitious or idolatrous respect for
angels, because they had received the Law and other tidings of
the Divine will By their ministry. They looked upon them as
mediators between God and men, and some went So far as to pay
them a kind of religious homage or Worship. Thus it was
necessary that the Apostle should insist, not only On Christ's
being the Creator of all things, and therefore of angels
themselves, but as being the risen and exalted Messiah in human
nature, to whom angels, authorities, and powers are made
subject. To prove this, several passages are brought from the
Old Testament. On comparing what God there says of the angels,
with what he says to Christ, the inferiority of the angels to
Christ plainly appears. Here is the office of the angels; they
are God's ministers or servants, to do his pleasure. But, how
much greater things are said of Christ By the Father! And let us
own and honour him as God; for if he had not been God, he had
never done the Mediator's work, and had never worn the
Mediator's Crown. It is declared how Christ was qualified for
the office of Mediator, and how he was confirmed in it: he has
the name Messiah from his being anointed. Only as Man he has his
fellows, and as anointed with the Holy Spirit; but he is above
all prophets, priests, and Kings, that ever were employed in the
service of God On Earth. Another Passage of Scripture, Ps
102:25-27, is recited, in which the Almighty power of the Lord
Jesus Christ is declared, both in creating the world and in
changing it. Christ will Fold up this world as a garment, not to
be abused any longer, not to be used as it has been. As a
sovereign, when his garments of state are folded and Put away,
is a sovereign still, So our Lord, when he has laid aside the
Earth and heavens like a vesture, shall be still the same. Let
us not then set our hearts upon that which is not what we take
it to be, and will not be what it now is. Sin has made a great
change in the world for the worse, and Christ will make a great
change in it for the better. Let the thoughts of this make us
watchful, diligent, and desirous of that better world. The
Saviour has done much to make all men his friends, yet he has
enemies. But they shall be made his Footstool, By humble
submission, or By utter Destruction. Christ shall go On
conquering and to conquer. The most exalted angels are but
ministering spirits, mere servants of Christ, to execute his
commands. The saints, at present, are heirs, not yet come into
possession. The angels Minister to them in opposing the malice
and power of evil spirits, in protecting and keeping their
bodies, instructing and comforting their souls, under Christ and
the Holy Ghost. Angels shall gather all the saints together at
the last Day, when all whose hearts and hopes are set upon
perishing treasures and fading glories, will be driven from
Christ's presence into Everlasting misery.