Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Whole Bible
back to: 1 Kings
Book: 1 Kings
Chapter: 4

Solomon's Court. (1-19) Solomon's dominions, His daily
provision. (20-28) The Wisdom of Solomon. (29-34)

1-19 In the choice of the great officers of Solomon's Court, No
doubt, his Wisdom appeared. Several are the same that were in
his Father's time. A plan was settled By which No part of the
country was exhausted to supply his Court, though each sent its

20-28 Never did the Crown of Israel shine So bright, as when
Solomon wore it. He had peace On all sides. Herein, his kingdom
was a Type of the Messiah's; for to Him it is promised that he
shall have the Heathen for his inheritance, and that princes
shall Worship him. The spiritual peace, and joy, and holy
security, of all the Faithful subjects of the Lord Jesus, were
typified By that of Israel. The Kingdom of God is not, as
Solomon's was, meat and Drink, but, what is infinitely better,
Righteousness, and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost. The vast
number of his attendants, and the great resort to him, are shown
By the provision daily made. Herein Christ far outdoes Solomon,
that he feeds all his subjects, not with the Bread that
perishes, but with that which endures to eternal Life.

29-34 Solomon's Wisdom was more his Glory than his wealth. He
had what is here called largeness of Heart, for the Heart is
often Put for the powers of the mind. He had the Gift of
utterance, as Well as Wisdom. It is very desirable, that those
who have large Gifts of any kind, should have large hearts to
use them for the good of others. What treasures of Wisdom and
knowledge are lost! But every sort of knowledge that is needful
for Salvation is to be found in the holy Scriptures. There came
persons from all parts, who were more eager after knowledge than
their neighbours, to hear the Wisdom of Solomon. Solomon was
herein a Type of Christ, in whom are hid all treasures of Wisdom
and knowledge; and hid for us, for he is made of God to us,
Wisdom. Christ's fame shall spread through all the Earth, and
men of all nations shall come to him, learn of him, and take
upon them his easy Yoke, and find Rest for their souls.