From their web site
The Office of Foreign Assets Control ("OFAC") of the U.S. Department of the Treasury administers and enforces economic and trade sanctions against targeted foreign countries, terrorism sponsoring organizations and international narcotics traffickers based on U.S. foreign policy and national security goals. OFAC acts under Presidential wartime and national emergency powers, as well as authority granted by specific legislation, to impose controls on transactions and freeze foreign assets under U.S. jurisdiction. Many of the sanctions are based on United Nations and other international mandates, are multilateral in scope, and involve close cooperation with allied governments.
Basically, they enforce and tell companies and individuals who they may and who they may not do buisiness with. The web site has pdf
s which list individual name
s and companies
these prohibited individuals.
Here's a quick snippet from the publically available download from the above site:
BEXHETI, Nuri, Member of National Liberation
Army (NLA); DOB 1962; POB Tetovo, FYROM
BIN KHALID, Fahd Bin Adballah (a.k.a.
MOHAMMED, Khalid Shaikh; a.k.a. ALI, Salem;
a.k.a. HENIN, Ashraf Refaat Nabith; a.k.a.
WADOOD, Khalid Adbul); DOB 14 Apr 1965; alt.
DOB 1 Mar 1964; POB Kuwait; citizen Kuwait
BIN LADEN, Osama (a.k.a. BIN LADIN, Usama bin
Muhammad bin Awad; a.k.a. BIN LADEN, Usama;
a.k.a. BIN LADIN, Osama; a.k.a. BIN LADIN,
Osama bin Muhammad bin Awad; a.k.a. BIN
LADIN, Usama), Afghanistan; DOB 30 Jul 57; Alt.
DOB 1958; POB Jeddah, Saudi Arabia; Alt.
POB BLANCO PHARMA S.A. (n.k.a. COSMEPOP; n.k.a.
COOPERATIVA DE COSMETICOS Y
POPULARES COSMEPOP; f.k.a.
LABORATORIOS BLANCO PHARMA S.A.), A.A.
55538, Bogota, Colombia; Calle 12B No.
27-37/39, Bogota, Colombia; Calle 26 Sur No.
7-30 Este, Bogota, Colombia; Carrera 99 y 100
No. 46A-10, Bodega 4, Bogota, Colombia; NIT #
800251322-5 (Colombia) SDNT
BLUE NILE BREWERY, P.O. Box 1408, Khartoum,
BLUE NILE PACKING CORPORATION, P.O. Box
385, Khartoum, Sudan SUDAN
BNC (a.k.a. BANCO NACIONAL DE CUBA; a.k.a.
NATIONAL BANK OF CUBA) Federico Boyd
Avenue & 51 Street, Panama City, Panama . . .