Cross-discipline of economics
and political science
which tries to formalize mathematically both positive
features of social decision-making. The modern Social Choice movement is largely descended from Arrow's Impossibility Theorem
put forth by Kenneth J. Arrow
in his book Social Choice and Individual Values
(1951), although much the same thing was going on in the 18th
centuries. Early practitioners included Condorcet
, as well as Lewis Carroll
Social Choice is concerned with such issues as:
Social Choice should not be confused with Public Choice
, a completely different
cross-discipline of economics and political science.
Besides Arrow, the most prominent current practitioner of Social Choice is Amartya Sen, who tries to get around the common difficulties with things like quasi-orderings, and considerations of freedom and capabilities in addition to utility.