A Turkish dynasty that ruled in East Iran, Afghanistan and North India from 997 to 1186. The Ghaznavids created the first powerful Muslim state in India and prepared the way for the spread of Islam there.

Founded by Sebuktigin (997), a Turkish soldier, the dynasty's territories centred on Ghazni (Afghanistan) and reached it's peak with Mahmud of Ghazni.

Following the battle of Dandanqan in 1040, the Ghaznavids lost their lands in Persia to the Seljuqs.