Identified in various sources as an archangel
, a fallen angel
, a seraph
. The name "Sariel" means "God's command." Variations of the name are Suriel, Suriyel, Zerachiel, Saraquel and even Uriel
The earliest references to Sariel
are in the Qumrun literature, in which he is mentioned along with the archangels Michael, Gabriel and Raphael. His name sometimes is confused with that of Uriel
is not found in works of the Apochrypha or Pseudepigrapha, and receives only a few mentions in rabbi
, usually as overseer in the sixth heaven
sometimes is identified as the Lord's "Angel of Death
" and as the angel who taught Moses
all his knowledge. Sariel
also delivered instructions of hygiene
to Rabbi Ishmael
, and is credited with being an angel of healing, like Raphael
. Sarial is one of the "Angels of Presence", according to ancient texts.
The prophet Enoch
said that Sariel was one of the seven archangels (ranking fifth in line), but one of the fallen host as well.
is among the "Sons of God", and taught the course of the moon to humanity. He also governs the zodiac sign of Aries
, and figures in ceremonial magic and protection against the evil eye
sources for additional information:
Barrett, Francis. The Magus. Secaucus, N.J.: The Citadel Press, 1967. First published 1801.
Godwin, Malcolm. Angels: An Endangered Species. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1990.