Title of a book by Frances A. Yates, University of Chicago Press, 1966. ISBN 10-226-94999-0.

From the preface:

Few people know that the Greeks, who invented many arts, invented an art of memory which, like their other arts, was passed on to Rome whence it descended in the European tradition. This art seeks to memorise through a technique of impressing 'places' and 'images' on memory. It has usually been classed as 'mnemotechnics', which in modern times seems a rather unimportant branch of human activity. But in the ages before printing a trained memory was vitally important; and the manipulation of images in memory must always to some extent involve the psyche as a whole."

A more recent book on the same topic is The Memory Palace of Matteo Ricci by Jonathan D. Spence, Viking Press, ISBN: 0140080988. Ricci was a Jesuit missionary to China. He developed the art and taught it to Chinese scholars to demonstrate the superiority of the West to China.

Thomas Harris credits both books in the acknowledgement to his book Hannibal, the third book in which Hannibal Lecter appears.