, as developed by Johannes Itten
and continued by others after his leaving, belonged to the basic pedagogical institutions of education at the Bauhaus
. Preceding the actual lessons, it was to mediate the basics of material properties
and color theory
The center of the course was to recognize and design contrast
s, that have been implemented using the most varying forms and materials, natural materials and their textures as well as free plasic forms. Special care was given to the interaction
of two given elements. To Itten, contrast between light and dark was one of the most important and most expressive means of design.
Another focal point were the studies of materials, during which contrasting properties of the material were to be assembled three-dimensionally or illustrated graphically in a sensually experiencable way.
The properties of abstract graphical elements were explored using "stripe studies". To Itten, the Circle
, the Square calmness
, and the Triangle
contained strong directional contrasts. These properties were emphasized in drawings or neutralized through correlative layout.
Nature studies were aimed at realizing and drawing objects in their hue
and/or characteristic form either in front of the models or by memory: the studies were to be designed from within your inner experiences of the real objects. These depictions often deceptively matched the material properties of the original models. "Analysen alter Meister" (analysing old masters), together with exploration of contrast
, served the sensual realization of form, color and the dynamics of a piece of art.
The most popular tool of design was charcoal
, that allowed finest nuances in color and whose flexibility was fully utilized by the scholars. Next to this many different three-dimensional structures and collages have been produced during theses courses.