modern dance is whatever you want
it to be.
it is movement, time, space, music (or non-music
modern dance as an idea
is the concept of rejecting everything learned
and just dancing.
modern dance as a thing
is the movement that made this idea acceptable
and more well known.
the modern dance movement began in the late 1890s/ early 1900s by Isadora Duncan
and Ruth St. Denis. both rebeled
agaisnt the rigid structures of ballet
, where only certain movements are allowed. Martha Graham
, Jose Limon, Paul Taylor, Alvin Ailey, and many others continued this tradition.