Golda Meir's resignation (and the subsequent loss of power in 1977) probably had much to do with the Yom Kippur War (1973, aka the October War), when Egypt and Syria achieved surprise. The Agranat Commission of Inquiry had much to say about the failures that lead to this, but stopped short of the country's political leadership, saying "the general public will judge [the actions of the leadership]".

Apart from being famous as a democratically elected female prime minister (this was years before Margaret Thatcher), Meir gave a new word for cabinet: "kitchen". Her closest ministers would often gather in her kitchen, to discuss matters and drink chicken broth she made.

Today in Hebrew, the select sub-group of ministers who do all the stuff is often called the kitchenette.