(Sektion 200: Philosophische Untersuchungen von Ludwig Wittgenstein).

200. It is of course imaginable that two people from a folk (tribe) that cannot play chess should sit at a chess board and carry out the moves of a chess game; and even with all the attendant mental symptoms. And if we saw this we would say they are playing chess. But now imagine a game of chess translated, according to rules, into a series of actions that we do not ordinarily association with a game,--something like yelling and stamping feet. Suppose those two now start to play our current form of chess, crying and stamping; and in such a way that this event is by suitable rules translatable into a game of chess. Would we now still be inclined to say they are playing game; and with what right can one say that?