Low Granite hill that lies 19km SE of Makkah, Saudi Arabia. Important pilgrimage site for Muslims as part of the Hajj. This is where Muhammad delivered his last sermon in 632 CE before his death three months later.

The day on which pilgrims visit Mount Arafat is the climax of the Hajj. As the final stop for both the pilgrim and the Prophet, it symbolises Judgment Day when, according to Islam, the dead will rise and answer to God for their deeds. This is also where the last passage of the Qu'ran was revealed to Muhammad.

Pilgrims typically pray on the hill and study the Qu'ran from noon until sunset or later and may obtain forgiveness for their sins.