The Picture of Dorian Gray
by Oscar Wilde
That evening, at eight-thirty, exquisitely dressed and wearing a large button-hole of Parma violets, Dorian Gray was ushered into Lady Narborough's drawing-room by bowing servants. His forehead was throbbing with maddened nerves, and he felt wildly excited, but his manner as he bent over his hostess's hand was as easy and graceful as ever. Perhaps one never seems so much at one's ease as when one has to play a part.
Certainly no one looking at Dorian Gray that night could have believed
that he had passed through a tragedy as horrible as any tragedy of our age. Those finely shaped fingers could never have clutched a knife for sin, nor those smiling lips have cried out on God and goodness. He himself could not help wondering at the calm of his demeanour, and for a moment felt keenly the terrible pleasure of a double life.
It was a small party, got up rather in a hurry by Lady Narborough,
who was a very clever woman with what Lord Henry used to describe
as the remains of really remarkable ugliness.
She had proved an excellent wife to one of our most tedious ambassadors,
and having buried her husband properly in a marble mausoleum, which she
had herself designed, and married off her daughters to some rich,
rather elderly men, she devoted herself now to the pleasures
of French fiction, French cookery, and French esprit when she could
Dorian was one of her especial favourites, and she always told him
that she was extremely glad she had not met him in early life.
"I know, my dear, I should have fallen madly in love with you,"
she used to say,
"and thrown my bonnet right over the mills for your sake. It is most fortunate that you were not thought of at the time."
"As it was, our bonnets were so unbecoming, and the mills were
so occupied in trying to raise the wind, that I never had even a
flirtation with anybody. However, that was all Narborough's fault.
He was dreadfully short-sighted, and there is no pleasure in taking
in a husband who never sees anything."
Her guests this evening were rather tedious. The fact was,
as she explained to Dorian, behind a very shabby fan,
one of her married daughters had come up quite suddenly to stay
with her, and, to make matters worse, had actually brought her
husband with her.
"I think it is most unkind of her, my dear,"
"Of course I go and stay with them every summer
after I come from Homburg, but then an old woman like me must
have fresh air sometimes, and besides, I really wake them up.
You don't know what an existence they lead down there.
It is pure unadulterated country life."
"They get up early,
because they have so much to do, and go to bed early,
because they have so little to think about. There has not been
a scandal in the neighbourhood since the time of Queen Elizabeth,
and consequently they all fall asleep after dinner.
You shan't sit next either of them. You shall sit by me and
Dorian murmured a graceful compliment and looked round
the room. Yes: it was certainly a tedious party.
Two of the people he had never seen before, and the others
consisted of Ernest Harrowden, one of those middle-aged
mediocrities so common in London clubs who have no enemies,
but are thoroughly disliked by their friends;
Lady Ruxton, an overdressed woman of forty-seven, with a hooked nose,
who was always trying to get herself compromised, but was
so peculiarly plain that to her great disappointment no
one would ever believe anything against her; Mrs. Erlynne,
a pushing nobody, with a delightful lisp and Venetian-red hair;
Lady Alice Chapman, his hostess's daughter, a dowdy dull girl,
with one of those characteristic British faces that, once seen,
are never remembered; and her husband, a red-cheeked,
white-whiskered creature who, like so many of his class,
was under the impression that inordinate joviality can atone for
an entire lack of ideas.
He was rather sorry he had come, till Lady Narborough,
looking at the great ormolu gilt clock that sprawled in gaudy
curves on the mauve-draped mantelshelf, exclaimed:
"How horrid of Henry Wotton to be so late!
I sent round to him this morning on chance and he promised faithfully not to disappoint me."
It was some consolation that Harry was to be there, and when the door opened
and he heard his slow musical voice lending charm to some insincere apology,
he ceased to feel bored.
But at dinner he could not eat anything. Plate after plate went
away untasted. Lady Narborough kept scolding him for what she
"an insult to poor Adolphe, who invented the menu
specially for you,"
and now and then Lord Henry looked across
at him, wondering at his silence and abstracted manner.
From time to time the butler filled his glass with champagne.
He drank eagerly, and his thirst seemed to increase.
said Lord Henry at last, as the chaud-froid was being handed round,
"what is the matter with you to-night? You are quite out of sorts."
"I believe he is in love,"
cried Lady Narborough,
"and that he is
afraid to tell me for fear I should be jealous. He is quite right.
I certainly should."
"Dear Lady Narborough,"
murmured Dorian, smiling,
"I have not been in love
for a whole week--not, in fact, since Madame de Ferrol left town."
"How you men can fall in love with that woman!"
exclaimed the old lady.
"I really cannot understand it."
"It is simply because she remembers you when you were a little girl,
said Lord Henry.
"She is the one link between us
and your short frocks."
"She does not remember my short frocks at all, Lord Henry.
But I remember her very well at Vienna thirty years ago,
and how decolletee she was then."
"She is still decolletee,"
he answered, taking an olive in his long fingers;
"and when she is in a very smart gown she looks like an edition de luxe of a bad French novel. She is really wonderful, and full of surprises.
Her capacity for family affection is extraordinary. When her third husband
died, her hair turned quite gold from grief."
"How can you, Harry!"
"It is a most romantic explanation,"
laughed the hostess.
"But her third husband, Lord Henry! You don't mean to say Ferrol
is the fourth?"
"Certainly, Lady Narborough."
"I don't believe a word of it."
"Well, ask Mr. Gray. He is one of her most intimate friends."
"Is it true, Mr. Gray?"
"She assures me so, Lady Narborough,"
"I asked her whether,like Marguerite de Navarre, she had their hearts embalmed and hung at her girdle. She told me she didn't, because none of them had had any hearts at all."
"Four husbands! Upon my word that is trop de zele."
"Trop d'audace, I tell her,"
"Oh! she is audacious enough for anything, my dear. And what is Ferrol like? I don't know him."
"The husbands of very beautiful women belong to the criminal classes,"
said Lord Henry, sipping his wine.
Lady Narborough hit him with her fan.
"Lord Henry, I am not at all surprised that the world says that you are extremely wicked."
"But what world says that?"
asked Lord Henry, elevating his eyebrows.
"It can only be the next world. This world and I are on excellent terms."
"Everybody I know says you are very wicked,"
cried the old lady,
shaking her head.
Lord Henry looked serious for some moments.
"It is perfectly monstrous,"
he said, at last,
"the way people go about nowadays saying things against one
behind one's back that are absolutely and entirely true."
"Isn't he incorrigible?"
cried Dorian, leaning forward in his chair.
"I hope so,"
said his hostess, laughing.
if you all worship Madame de Ferrol in this ridiculous way,
I shall have to marry again so as to be in the fashion."
"You will never marry again, Lady Narborough,"
broke in Lord Henry.
"You were far too happy. When a woman marries again, it is
because she detested her first husband. When a man marries again,
it is because he adored his first wife. Women try their luck;
men risk theirs."
"Narborough wasn't perfect,"
cried the old lady.
"If he had been, you would not have loved him, my dear lady,"
was the rejoinder.
"Women love us for our defects.
If we have enough of them, they will forgive us everything,
even our intellects. You will never ask me to dinner again
after saying this, I am afraid, Lady Narborough, but it is
"Of course it is true, Lord Henry. If we women did not love you for your defects, where would you all be? Not one of you would ever be married.
You would be a set of unfortunate bachelors. Not, however, that that
would alter you much. Nowadays all the married men live like bachelors,
and all the bachelors like married men."
"Fin de siecle,"
murmured Lord Henry.
"Fin du globe,"
answered his hostess.
"I wish it were fin du globe,"
said Dorian with a sigh.
"Life is a great disappointment."
"Ah, my dear,"
cried Lady Narborough, putting on her gloves,
"don't tell me that you have exhausted life. When a man says that
one knows that life has exhausted him. Lord Henry is very wicked,
and I sometimes wish that I had been; but you are made to be good--
you look so good. I must find you a nice wife. Lord Henry, don't you
think that Mr. Gray should get married?"
"I am always telling him so, Lady Narborough,"
said Lord Henry with a bow.
"Well, we must look out for a suitable match for him.
I shall go through Debrett carefully to-night and draw out a list
of all the eligible young ladies."
"With their ages, Lady Narborough?"
"Of course, with their ages, slightly edited. But nothing must be done in a hurry. I want it to be what The Morning Post calls a suitable alliance,
and I want you both to be happy."
"What nonsense people talk about happy marriages!"
exclaimed Lord Henry.
"A man can be happy with any woman, as long as he does not love her."
"Ah! what a cynic you are!"
cried the old lady, pushing back her chair
and nodding to Lady Ruxton.
"You must come and dine with me soon again. You are really an admirable tonic, much better than what Sir Andrew prescribes for me. You must tell me what people you would like to meet, though. I want it to be a delightful gathering."
"I like men who have a future and women who have a past,"
"Or do you think that would make it a petticoat party?"
"I fear so,"
she said, laughing, as she stood up.
"A thousand pardons,
my dear Lady Ruxton,"
"I didn't see you hadn't finished
"Never mind, Lady Narborough. I smoke a great deal too much.
I am going to limit myself, for the future."
"Pray don't, Lady Ruxton,"
said Lord Henry.
"Moderation is a fatal thing.
Enough is as bad as a meal. More than enough is as good as a feast."
Lady Ruxton glanced at him curiously.
"You must come and explain that to me some afternoon, Lord Henry. It sounds a fascinating theory,"
as she swept out of the room.
"Now, mind you don't stay too long over your politics and scandal,"
cried Lady Narborough from the door.
"If you do, we are sure to squabble upstairs."
The men laughed, and Mr. Chapman got up solemnly
from the foot of the table and came up to the top.
Dorian Gray changed his seat and went and sat by Lord Henry.
Mr. Chapman began to talk in a loud voice about the situation
in the House of Commons. He guffawed at his adversaries.
The word doctrinaire--word full of terror to the British mind--
reappeared from time to time between his explosions.
An alliterative prefix served as an ornament of oratory.
He hoisted the Union Jack on the pinnacles of thought.
The inherited stupidity of the race--sound English common sense
he jovially termed it--was shown to be the proper bulwark
A smile curved Lord Henry's lips, and he turned round and looked at Dorian.
"Are you better, my dear fellow?"
"You seemed rather
out of sorts at dinner."
"I am quite well, Harry. I am tired. That is all."
"You were charming last night. The little duchess is quite devoted to you. She tells me she is going down to Selby."
"She has promised to come on the twentieth."
"Is Monmouth to be there, too?"
"Oh, yes, Harry."
"He bores me dreadfully, almost as much as he bores her. She is very clever, too clever for a woman. She lacks the indefinable charm of weakness.
It is the feet of clay that make the gold of the image precious. Her feet
are very pretty, but they are not feet of clay. White porcelain feet,
if you like. They have been through the fire, and what fire does not destroy,
it hardens. She has had experiences."
"How long has she been married?"
"An eternity, she tells me. I believe, according to the peerage,
it is ten years, but ten years with Monmouth must have been like eternity,
with time thrown in. Who else is coming?"
"Oh, the Willoughbys, Lord Rugby and his wife, our hostess,
Geoffrey Clouston, the usual set. I have asked Lord Grotrian."
"I like him,"
said Lord Henry.
"A great many people don't, but I find
him charming. He atones for being occasionally somewhat overdressed
by being always absolutely over-educated. He is a very modern type."
"I don't know if he will be able to come, Harry. He may have to go to Monte Carlo with his father."
"Ah! what a nuisance people's people are! Try and make him come. By the way, Dorian, you ran off very early last night. You left before eleven.
What did you do afterwards? Did you go straight home?"
Dorian glanced at him hurriedly and frowned.
he said at last,
"I did not get home till nearly three."
"Did you go to the club?"
he answered. Then he bit his lip.
"No, I don't mean that.
I didn't go to the club. I walked about. I forget what I did.
. . . How inquisitive you are, Harry! You always want to know what
one has been doing. I always want to forget what I have been doing.
I came in at half-past two, if you wish to know the exact time.
I had left my latch-key at home, and my servant had to let me in.
If you want any corroborative evidence on the subject, you can ask
Lord Henry shrugged his shoulders.
"My dear fellow, as if I cared! Let us go up to the drawing-room. No sherry, thank you, Mr. Chapman.
Something has happened to you, Dorian. Tell me what it is.
You are not yourself to-night."
"Don't mind me, Harry. I am irritable, and out of temper.
I shall come round and see you to-morrow, or next day.
Make my excuses to Lady Narborough. I shan't go upstairs.
I shall go home. I must go home."
"All right, Dorian. I dare say I shall see you to-morrow at tea-time. The duchess is coming."
"I will try to be there, Harry,"
he said, leaving the room.
As he drove back to his own house, he was conscious that the sense
of terror he thought he had strangled had come back to him.
Lord Henry's casual questioning had made him lose his
nerves for the moment, and he wanted his nerve still.
Things that were dangerous had to be destroyed. He winced.
He hated the idea of even touching them.
Yet it had to be done. He realized that, and when he had
locked the door of his library, he opened the secret press
into which he had thrust Basil Hallward's coat and bag.
A huge fire was blazing. He piled another log on it.
The smell of the singeing clothes and burning leather was horrible.
It took him three-quarters of an hour to consume everything.
At the end he felt faint and sick, and having lit some Algerian
pastilles in a pierced copper brazier, he bathed his hands and
forehead with a cool musk-scented vinegar.
Suddenly he started. His eyes grew strangely bright, and he gnawed
nervously at his underlip. Between two of the windows stood a large
Florentine cabinet, made out of ebony and inlaid with ivory and blue lapis.
He watched it as though it were a thing that could fascinate and make afraid,
as though it held something that he longed for and yet almost loathed.
His breath quickened. A mad craving came over him. He lit a cigarette
and then threw it away. His eyelids drooped till the long fringed
lashes almost touched his cheek. But he still watched the cabinet.
At last he got up from the sofa on which he had been lying,
went over to it, and having unlocked it, touched some hidden spring.
A triangular drawer passed slowly out. His fingers moved instinctively
towards it, dipped in, and closed on something. It was a small
Chinese box of black and gold-dust lacquer, elaborately wrought,
the sides patterned with curved waves, and the silken cords hung with
round crystals and tasselled in plaited metal threads. He opened it.
Inside was a green paste, waxy in lustre, the odour curiously heavy
He hesitated for some moments, with a strangely immobile smile upon his face.
Then shivering, though the atmosphere of the room was terribly hot, he drew
himself up and glanced at the clock. It was twenty minutes to twelve.
He put the box back, shutting the cabinet doors as he did so, and went into
As midnight was striking bronze blows upon the dusky air, Dorian Gray,
dressed commonly, and with a muffler wrapped round his throat,
crept quietly out of his house. In Bond Street he found a hansom
with a good horse. He hailed it and in a low voice gave the driver
The man shook his head.
"It is too far for me,"
"Here is a sovereign for you,"
"You shall have another if you drive fast."
"All right, sir,"
answered the man,
"you will be there in an hour,"
and after his fare had got in he turned his horse round and drove
rapidly towards the river.
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