This is the traditional Hebrew term for the Old Testament. It is also the name of the newest and most refreshing translation of the Bible from the original Masoretic in years. The only other time that so many Rabbis from so many different sects and tribes came together for such a project was the translation of the Septuagint in Greek in 300 BC. I highly recommend this translation to anyone (the Bible scholar or newbie). It presents one with a new way to read the scriptures.