Return to sole (definition)

[Lemon], or [French], [sole] (Zoöl.), a European species of sole (Solea pegusa). --
[Smooth sole] (Zoöl.), the megrim.


© [Webster 1913]

Sole (?), n. [AS. sole, fr. L. soolea (or rather an assumed L. sola), akin to solumround, soil, sole of the foot. Cf. [Exile], [Saloon], [Soil] earth, [Sole] the fish.]


The bottom of the foot; hence, also, rarely, the foot itself.

The dove found no rest for the sole of her foot.
Gen. viii. 9.

Hast wandered through the world now long a day,
Yet ceasest not thy weary soles to lead.


The bottom of a shoe or boot, or the piece of leather which constitutes the bottom.

The "caliga" was a military shoe, with a very thick sole, tied above the instep.


The bottom or lower part of anything, or that on which anything rests in standing. Specifially:

(a) (Agric.)

The bottom of the body of a plow; -- called also slade; also, the bottom of a furrow.

(b) (Far.)

The horny substance under a horse's foot, which protects the more tender parts.

(c) (Fort.)

The bottom of an embrasure.

(d) (Naut.)

A piece of timber attached to the lower part of the rudder, to make it even with the false keel. Totten.

(e) (Mining)

The seat or bottom of a mine; -- applied to horizontal veins or lodes.

[Sole leather], thick, strong, used for making the soles of boots and shoes, and for other purposes.


© [Webster 1913]

Sole, v. t. [imp. & p. p. [Soled] (?); p. pr. & vb. n. [Soling].]

To furnish with a sole; as, to sole a shoe.


© [Webster 1913]

Sole, a. [L. solus, or OF. sol, F. seul (fr. L. solus; cf. L. sollus whole, entire. Cf. [Desolate], [Solemn], [Solo], [Sullen].]


Being or acting without another; single; individual; only. "The sole son of my queen." Shak.

He, be sure . . . first and last will reign
Sole king.

2. (Law)

Single; unmarried; as, a feme sole.

[Corporation sole]. See the Note under [Corporation].

Syn. -- Single; individual; only; alone; solitary.


© [Webster 1913]

Sol Sole (?), n. [From hydrosol an aqueous colloidal solution, confused with G. sole, soole, salt water from which salt is obtained.] (Chem.)

A fluid mixture of a colloid and a liquid; a liquid colloidal solution or suspension.


© [Webster 1913]

Sole (?), n. [F. sole, L. solea; -- so named from its flat shape. See [Sole] of the foot.] (Zoöl.)


Any one of several species of flatfishes of the genus Solea and allied genera of the family Soleidæ, especially the common European species (Solea vulgaris), which is a valuable food fish.


Any one of several American flounders somewhat resembling the true sole in form or quality, as the California sole (Lepidopsetta bilineata), the long-finned sole (Glyptocephalus zachirus), and other species.