Ex`ca*va"tion (?), n. [L. excavatio: cf. F. excavation.]


The act of excavating, or of making hollow, by cutting, scooping, or digging out a part of a solid mass.


A cavity formed by cutting, digging, or scooping.

"A winding excavation."


3. Engin. (a)

An uncovered cutting in the earth, in distinction from a covered cutting or tunnel.


The material dug out in making a channel or cavity.

The delivery of the excavations at a distance of 250 feet. E. L. Corthell.


© Webster 1913.