in the Red Army
led the only non-guerilla battle fought by the Communists
in 1940. The operation was a failure with heavy losses.
Criticized the Great Leap Forward
for wasting resources and manpower in 1959. Mao
took it as a personal attack and replaced him as Defense Minister
with Lin Biao
became a symbol of party revisionists when he headed a “cultural revolution group” in 1965, appointed by Mao. After he lost control of this group, it snowballed into the Cultural Revolution