Three Unrestricted Guests of the Arthur's Court, and Three Wanderers:
- Llywarch Hen,
- and Llemenig,
- and Heledd.
--"Llywarch the Old"--is the reputed author of a number of laments in the Red Book of Hergest
and Black Book of Carmarthen
. He is sometimes called the British Jeremiah
, for the plaintive songs about old age and his slaughtered sons. He is said to have been a prince or king, to have lived to a hundred, and to have possibly killed Urien of Rheged
Llemenig is possibly Llwch Leminawg, a figure from "Culhwch ac Olwen" in the Mabinogion and from "Prieddu Annwn" from the Book of Taliesin. His name may be derived from the Irish god Lugh; he is also referred to as an Irishman. Moreover, some have theorized that he is a forerunner of Lancelot; if so, the term "unrestricted" would certainly be an interesting one.
Heledd is thought to have been a princess, sister of Cynddelw, a prince and war-leader slain by the Saxons. The laments attributed to her are recorded in the Black Book of Carmarthen, IIRC.
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