The Middle Voice
, as opposed to either the Active Voice
or the Passive Voice
, is a linguistic curiosity. In languages including Icelandic
and Ancient Greek
, there is a specific form for it, whereas in other languages such as English
, the sense conveyed by the middle voice is expressed using one of the other voices. Sentences which would (where possible) employ the middle voice are:
The cat and the rat fought for an hour.
The house burned down.
In English, these usages tend to become active, whilst in Swedish they are often expressed using the -s passive. Latin
employs deponent and semi-deponent verbs to make up for its lack of a proper middle.