He is taken to heaven on orders of God, and transformed into the archangel METATRON to become a heavenly scribe. According to legend, Enoch's descriptions of the heavens and hells he encountered, and the angels therein, are given in the Book of Enoch, also called the "Chronicles of Enoch," pseudepigraphical writings not part of the canon.

According to the Bible (Genesis 5:18-24), Enoch was the 7th generation descendant from Adam in the long-lived lineage of patriarchs. His father, Jared, was 162 years old when Elijah was born and lived for another 800 years. Enoch fathered Methuselah at age 65, and lived another 300 years before going directly to heaven (although his fate is debated by scholars). Genesis 5:24 says that "Enoch walked with God and he was not, for God took him."

The Book of Jubilees, a Jewish pseudepigraphical text from the 2nd century B.C.E., says that Enoch was "conducted into the Garden of Eden in majesty and honor, and behold there he writes down the condemnation and judgement of the world."