Literally an "education novel", the Bildungsroman is a familiar form of literature. It's a coming of age story, like The Catcher in the Rye or Candide.

Most Bildungsromane (plural) have been about young men, but that doesn't mean they have to be. Indeed, many of Judy Blume's novels for young adults (and many other YA stories) are Bildungsromane. (I absolutely refuse to coin the term Bildungsroman no shoujo here.)

Among sci-fi fans, Ender's Game is a particularly well-known Bildungsroman.