The University of Salerno has the distinguishment of being the very first university in Europe. It grew out of a Benedictine monastery which was founded in 794 CE. The school began offering a degree in medicine around 1050. Constantine the African fled to the university in 1070, and he added to its philosophy and medicine curriculum the classic studies he learned from the Arabs. Frederick II ordered that no one should be allowed to practice medicine without a license from the university. Its fame diminished after the University of Naples became predominant, but it still exists today. Its website can be seen at, but be prepared to read it in Italian.