The famous Broadway songwriter Harold Arlen was born Chaim Arluck. Arlen derived his stage name from a combination of his mother's and father's surnames (Cantor Arluck and Celia Orlin). Arlen started his professional career as a pianist during the 1920s.

A partial list of Arlen's credits include :

Stormy Weather
Get Happy
The Man that Got Away
World on a String
Let's Fall in Love
Anywhere I Hang My Hat is Home
For Every Man There's a Woman
Big Time Coming
I've Got a Right to Sing the Blues
Accentchuate the Positive
Come Rain or Come Shine
Between the Devil and the Deep Blue Sea
One for My Baby (and One More for the Road)
Paper Moon
That Old Black Magic

The song Somewhere Over the Rainbow, which was part of Arlen's outstanding score for the movie The Wizard of Oz, won an Academy Award for Best Song and Blues in the Night, from the movie of the same name, was nominated in the same category.