The Black Hand was an extremist Serbian terrorism
society. The group was formed on May 9, 1911. Alternate name is Ujedinjenje ili Smrt, meaning Union or Death.
The group is most well known for its plot to kill Archduke Franz Ferdinand. The Black Hand was upset over the annexation of Bosnia by the Austro-Hungarian Empire. They wanted the region to be ruled by Slavic people, a popular notion due to the recent movement of Panslavism in the area at that time. Since Austria--a non-slavic country--controlled Bosnia, the group decided to assassinate a head of state. Ergo...bye Archduke Franz Ferdinand.
The Black Hand was led by Colonel Dragutin Dimitrijevic
, aka "Apis
". Thanks to Gorgonzola
fo dat won.