The father of Finnish literature
lived ca. 1510
. Son of a farmer from Pernaja
started studying at Wittenberg
under Martin Luther
and Phillip Melanchthon
with the purpose to translate the Bible
He wrote the first ABC book
(ABC kiria) in Finnish at 1538
and the translation of the New Testament
(Se Wsi Testamenti) was completed at 1548
. Agricola also managed to publish a translation of almost a quarter of the Old Testament
which appeared in three volumes between 1551
He was chosen as Bishop of Turku at 1554.
Date of his death, April 9th, is marked in Finland as national holiday - Michael Agricola Day or Finnish language Day.
Of the 8 500 Finnish words he used, 4 500 are still in use...