The Gulf War Ceasefire

Major components:
1) Adoption under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter (Binding for all nations.)
2) Restitution to Kuwait, release of detainees, return of Kuwaiti property, recognition of Kuwaiti sovereignty, and a resolve to live in peace with Iraq’s neighbours.
3) Establishment of a U.N inspection regime with an estimated timetable of 90 to 180 days
4) Draconian sanctions would remain in place until these requirements were complied with.

The Iraqi regime, under Saddam Hussein, did not comply with this Security Council Resolution. On June 30th, 1991 Saddam secretly formed a Concealment Operations Committee, chaired by his younger son, Qusayy Saddam. The same month, inspectors under the resourceful David Kay discovered an Iraqi program to enrich uranium with huge magnets. In July, several kilos of highly enriched uranium were discovered with large stocks of natural, unenriched uranium. Iraq also gave supplies of Scud missiles, many loaded with chemical and biological weapons, over to the Special Republican Guard for concealment from the inspectors. Iraq kept teams of scientists and engineers working together on WMD projects but hidden within innocuous looking government agencies. In May 1992, Iraq was forced to confess that it had a biological warfare program.

Pollack, Kenneth. The Threatening Storm. New York: Random House Books, 2002.