Parmesan cheese is one of the most famous cheeses of Italy. It is the same colour as straw, is very hard and has a rich, strong flavour.

In order to maintain the high quality of this cheese, the Italian government has imposed strict rules on the way it is made. If a cheese maker does not follow the rules, he cannot call his cheese Parmesan.

Parmesan must be made by hand, with fresh milk from cows grazing near Parma between 1 April and 11 November each year. The cheese is left to mature for at least eighteen months before it is sold.