, a black card
is the harshest possible penalty for breaking a serious rule. It calls for the fencer to automatically withdraw from not only the current match, but the entire competition.
For certain offenses, a red card
is given on the first instance and a black card
is reserved for the second. The most serious offenses, though, carry with them the penalty of a black card
on the very first offense.
The most common things a fencer could do to earn a black card
include unsportsmanlike conduct
, deliberate brutality
, and outright cheating
See the Fencing Penalty Chart
for more info.