What do all the terms mean ? Here's a basic guide to some of the more common phrases.

Odds against
This is when the bookmaker offers a return which is more than double the amount staked for a win bet. If your stake is £1, a winning bet at 2/1 (pronounced two-to-one bet) will return you £2 plus your original stake of £1, making a total of £3.

Even money (or Evens)
When the bookmaker offers a return which is double the amount staked on a win bet. If, let's say, your stake is £1 the bookmaker will return £1 plus your stake, making a total of £2.

Odds on
When the bookmaker offers a return which is less than double the amount staked for a win bet. A successful £1 bet at 1/2 (pronounced two-to-one-on), will return just 50p plus your stake, making a total of £1.50. The word 'on' indicates that the odds are reversed.

Long Odds or Short Odds?
So that's the story about odds - except for one thing.

Sometimes, instead of a horse's odds being expressed as a fraction, you might hear that they are simply 'long' or 'short'. This isn't meant to refer to the horse itself - or even the jockey. Instead, odds that are said to be long (e.g. 50/1) point to the fact that a horse is very unlikely to win the race. Conversely, short odds (e.g. 2/1) indicate that a horse has a good chance of winning.

## Betting Variations

There are many different betting variations that can be taken out with the bookmakers in the UK. Here are some common ones that are horse racing specific bets and with a few that apply to Tote betting only.

Win
Object - to select the winner of the race

Place
Object - to select a horse to be placed (1st, 2nd or 3rd. Sometimes 4th in races with more than 16 runners.)

Each-Way
Object- a Win & Place bet on the same horse

Exacta
Object-to select 1st and 2nd horse in the correct order

Trifecta
Object- to select 1st-2nd-3rd in the correct order