The .50 Browning Machine Gun (BMG) round is a rifle round used for a multitude of purposes today.

Developed in 1918 by Winchester Repeating Arms Company at the personal request of General John Pershing, the .50 has a metric measurement of 12.7x99mm. The .50 has an actual projectile (bullet) diameter of .51 inches (all bullets are larger than the barrel in order to force the bullet into the rifling).

The .50 bullet carries a muzzle energy of about 12,000 foot-pounds, and a velocity of 2900 fps with a chamber pressure of max 55,000 PSI.

The .50's primary role is to engage hard (armored) targets at extreme ranges, there is a misconception on how the .50 serves as the ultimate sniper round but this is just pish-posh. There is no reason to engage a human target with a 700 grain bullet, then combine this with the trouble faced trying to stalk through rough terrain with a 50 kilogram weapon measuring approximately 2 meters long, and packs a recoil of a sledgehammer.
The round/rifle serves best in defensive operations as a light anti tank weapon.

There is great potential for accuracy, but as of now the .50 has an uneven trajectory and there is a lack of match ammunition.