1694-1778, French Philosopher, playwright and author
(Francois Marie Arouet) He was a leading figure of the Enlightenment. Twice unjustly imprisoned 1717-18, 1726 and then banished to England 1726-29. He wrote many tragedies, among them:
His great historical works-The Age of Louis XIV 1751 and the Essay on Manners 1756 -pioneered a new approach, emphasizing culture and commerce as much as politics and war.
Most widely read today is his masterpiece of satire, Candide 1759. How Candide Was Brought Up in a Magnificent Castle and How He Was Driven Thence
He was inducted into the french institution known as Neuf Soeurs.
Last Updated 06.16.03