The taste for the more or less replication of Greek and Roman orders and decorative motifs, the subordination of detail to simple, strongly geometric overall compositions, the presence of light colors or shades, frequent shallowness of relief in ornamental treatment of façades, and the absence of textural effects expressed in art, literature and architecture ocurring primarily in the of the late 17th to mid-19th centuries.

In Europe the Neoclassical period in occurred from 1800-1850.

Some examples from that era:

Pierre Vignon (Architect)...........La Madeleine (Church)

Antonio Canova (Sculptor)...........Pauline Borghese as Venus (Sculpture)

Anne-Louis Girodet-Trioson (Painter).....Entombment of Atala (Painting)

Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres (Painter).......Grande Odalisque (Painting) and

Telling characteristics of the style were such that there was:

A return to the subject matter and stylistic renderings of the Greeks and Romans.
The desire of artists of this period to develop the "Ideal Form" as learned from Classical sculpture.

Painters of this period almost always used a clean descriptive line in their works, giving the painting a crisp yet clean quality.

Architecture and Sculpture meticulously followed the mathematical ground rules of Classical structures and statues.

Justus, Kevin. "Art and Culture II." Tucson , Arizona.
1992. (Lecture presented at Pima Community College.)

De La Croix, Horst, Richard D. Tansey, and Diane Kirkpatrick.
Art Through the Ages. University of Michigan: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.