The first play is also called Oedipus Tyrranos or Oedipus Rex, the second is Oedipus at Colonus, and Antigone. The stories are based on ancient Grecian folklore; however, the trilogy by Sophocles is thought to be the birth of the modern tragic hero.

See also: Sir Gawain and the Green Night, Macbeth, and Death of a Salesman