saying something. Examples of illocutionary acts are:
Laying a bet
This is a central concept in JL Austin
's theory of speech-acts
. It is contrasted with the locutionary
acts involved in a speech-act. To ask for the (illocutionary) force
of an utterance
is to ask what kind of illocutionary act is being performed. For instance, 'Was what P said a promise or a threat?'