Return to Thoth (person)
(Also Djehuty, Tehuti, Thot, Thout, Zehuti, Djhowtey)
”Lord of Time”
Thoth is an [Egyptian] [creator god] ([Khemenu]) and [lunar] god, credited with inventing [writing], timekeeping, music, magic, art, medicine, mathematics and astronomy. His attributes are a writing [palette] or a [palm] leaf. This [deity] was regarded as the protector of all knowledge, as well as the giver of knowledge and the tongue of [Re]. [Hieroglyph]s were [sacred] to him, and he would punish [scribe]s who abused their writing and reading skills (writing was considered very powerful). He also protected teachers and other distributors of [knowledge].
Thoth was himself a scribe in the [Ennead]. He records the [soul]s that enter the [Duat] ([underworld]), as well as assisting in the Hall of Two Truths, where he records the proceedings and announces to Osiris the results of the weighing of the deceased’s heart against [the feather of Ma´at]. His most important role is that of author of the [Book of the Dead].
This deity played an interesting role in the formation of the [calendar year]. A master [negotiator] (and settler of disputes), he petitioned and won five extra days from the moon to complete a year of 365 days. In other legends he settled disputes between the gods themselves. In one myth, he protected [Isis] during her [pregnancy] and then healed [Horus] when [Seth] tore out his eye.
Thoth is often depicted as a man with the head of an [ibis] or a [baboon] of the [genus] [Cynocephalis]. In both cases he is shown with a crescent moon surrounding a full moon above his head. He carries a pen and [scroll]s. The association with the [baboon] is thought to be due to the tendency of these animals to “greet” the sunrise by raising their arms and “singing” to it.
His [consort]s are either [Ma´at] (who personified [balance], [justice] and order) or [Seshat] (the goddess of writing, measuring and foundations). Thoth produced eight children, the most import of which was [Amun].
Thoth was later identified and combined with the [Greek] god [Hermes] as Hermes Trismegistos (Hermes the [thrice] great), and was popular in medieval alchemy.
Cult Center: Eshmunen or Hermopolis
Festivals: (exact dates not historically verified)