A form of music
al composition used mostly in the Baroque
Era, the Baroque analogue of a jam session
If a plain concerto
features a single player on a single instrument, or occasionally two or three, the concerto grosso features several. It is usually made up of six movement
s, each featuring one instrument. Ideally, each player in the ensemble (except perhaps the basso continuo
) gets a solo
The first concerti grossi were written by Italian composer Alessandro Stradella
in the late 17th Century
. Later, concerti grossi by Arcangelo Correli
established the form as something more than an experiment, and many 18th Century composer
s wrote their own concerti grossi.
One imagines Franz Josef Haydn
faced with writing recital music for a passel
s, each proficient to a greater or lesser extent on a different instrument, and none of whom could be favored over the others. Herr Haydn probably would have solved such a dilemma by writing a concerto grosso.