Class Aves OR: Class Archosauromorpha
Subclass Neornithes OR: Subclass Dinosauria,
The family of pheasants, partridges, grouse, Old World quail, turkeys, and chickens, containing about 200 species in about 60 genera.
Phasianidae are, for the most part, ground-dwelling birds that eat seeds, worms, and insects by scratching for them on the ground. Many are flightless or nearly so. The family contains several commercially important species: Some for hunting, plus the domesticated turkey and chicken. This last creature has spread all over the world, and is probably the largest single source of meat for humanity.
Some former members of Phasianidae have been moved to their own families: New World quail can be found in Ondontophoridae; guinea fowl can be found in family Numididae.
Subfamily Meleagrinae (turkeys):
Subfamily Perdicinae (quail and partridges):
- Tribe Coturnici
- Tribe Perdicini
- Tribe Gallini
- Gallus (Junglefowl, domestic chicken) (4)
- Tribe Phasianini
Subfamily Tetraoninae (grouse):
- Tribe Bonasini
- Bonasa (Ruffed Grouse, Hazel Fowl)
- Tribe Tetrastini
- Tribe Tetraonini
- Subtribe Canachitina
- Subtribe Centrocercina
- Subtribe Falcipennina
- Subtribe Lagopodina
- Subtribe Tetraonina
Illinois State Academy of Science, Springfield, IL. World Wide Web
NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life web application. 2002. Version 1.6 . Arlington, Virginia, USA: NatureServe.
Available: http://www.natureserve.org/explorer. (Accessed: February 23, 2003).
Bird Names in Chinese, Japanese, and Vietnamese: Phasianidae
Zoonomen Nomenclatural data (2002) Alan P. Peterson
Gutiérrez, R.J., Barrowclough, G.F. & Groth, J.G. 2000: A classification of the grouse (Aves: Tetraoninae) based on mitochondrial DNA sequences. - Wildl. Biol. 6: 205-211.
abstract found at http://www.wildlifebiology.com/2000/gutierrez.html