Return to 1822 (place)

"There is another man gone about whom the world was ill-natured, and ignorantly, and brutally mistaken."

-George Gordon, [Lord Byron], after [Percy Bysshe Shelley|Shelley]'s death.

Born in 1822:

  • French author [Emile Erckmann].
  • American author [Edward Everett Hale].
  • English author [E. Charles Vivian].
  • German businessman and amateur archaeologist [Heinrich Schliemann].
  • French chemist [Louis Pasteur].
  • [Ulysses S. Grant], commander of Union forces in the [American Civil War] and eighteenth President of the United States.
  • [Rutherford B. Hayes], Union general in the American Civil war and nineteenth President of the United States.
  • Austrian monk and horticulturalist [Gregor Mendel].
  • American landscape architect [Frederick Law Olmsted].
  • English feminist and anti-vivisectionist [Frances Crabbe].
  • Belgian composer [César Franck].
  • Union general [George Stoneman].
  • [Alexander MacKenzie], future prime minister of Canada.
  • English poet [Matthew Arnold].
  • Swiss-born German composer [Josef Joachim Raff].
  • English photography pioneer [Francis Frith].
  • English anthropologist [Francis Galton].
  • German physicist [Rudolf Clausius].
  • French mathematician [Charles Hermite].
  • French mathematician [Joseph Bertrand].
  • French physicist [Jules Antoine Lissajous].
  • Japanese printmaker [Yoshitsuya Koko].
  • American geologist [John Strong Newberry].
  • Italian composer [Giulio Regondi].
  • [Wajid Ali Shah], future [nawab] of [Awadh].

Died in 1822:

  • Cherokee inkeeper and 'Beloved Woman' [Nanyehi], aka Nancy Ward.
  • French Mathematician [Jean Robert Argand].
  • French astronomer [Jean Baptiste Delambre].
  • Swiss composer [Edouard Dupuy].
  • German storyteller [E.T.A. Hoffmann|Ernst Hoffmann].
  • [Denmark Vesey], leader of an abortive [South Carolina] slave revolt, hanged along with 46 others.
  • German-born British astronomer [William Herschel], discoverer of [Uranus].
  • (July 8) English poet [Percy Bysshe Shelley] and his friend [Edward Williams], drowned after being caught in a storm on Shelley's boat [Ariel].
  • Albanian ruler [Ali Pasha] of Janina, immortalized by [Lord Byron] in the poen [Childe Harold].
  • Chinese [Xiling] painter [Chen Hongshou].
  • 1600 people in the wreck of the [Tek Sing].
  • (March 30) 23,000 residents of the Greek island of [Chios], by the Ottoman fleet under [Kara Ali].

Events of 1822:

  • [Franz Schubert] writes two movements of an [Schubert Symphony No. 8 'Unfinished'|eighth symphony], but [syphilis|his health] renders him unable to work, and he never finishes the symphony.
  • [Ludwig van Beethoven] sends his customers a score of his [Consecration of the House] overture as a good faith token for [Beethoven Symphony No. 9 'Choral'|the symphony] they have commissioned him to write.
  • [Haiti]an president [Jean-Pierre Boyer] invades and conquers the Spanish colony of [Santo Domingo], and all [Hispaniola] is a single country.
  • [William Blake]'s illuminated books [The Ghost of Abel] and [On Homer's Poetry and on Virgil]
  • The [Mexico|Mexican] Constituent Congress assembles for the first time on February 24, with an executive panel called the 'Regency' taking an oath of office. But in May, one of the Regents, [Agustin de Iturbide] decides to do the Napoleon thing, and stages is ascension to Emperor. Iturbide dissolves the Congress on October 31. His reign will not last long: The commander of the Veracruz garrison, [Antonio López de Santa Anna], starts a revolt in December that will result in Iturbide's abdication the following year.
  • [Jammu] regains its independence from [Punjab]; [Ghulab Singh] is crowned maharaja.
  • [Jean-François Champollion] decodes the [Rosetta Stone], enabling scholars to decipher ancient Egyptian writing.
  • (May 24) [Antonio José de Sucre] captures [Quito] from the Spanish at the [Battle of Pichincha]. (July 26) [Ecuador] and [Guayaquil] now being annexed to [Gran Colombia], [Simon Bolivar] meets with [Jose de San Martin] in Guayaquil to discuss the liberation of Peru. (September) San Martin resigns his command of the Peruvian military in favor of Bolivar.
  • King [João VI] returns to [Portugal] after acceding to the authority of the constitutional government that was formed during his exile in [Brazil]. With Joao gone, Brazil declares its independence, making Joao's son emperor [Pedro I].
  • The [Massachusetts] town of [Boston, Massachusetts|Boston] is incorporated as a city.
  • [Muhammad Ali], nominally Ottoman viceroy of Egypt but pretty much independent, introduces conscription to found a modern Egyptian army.
  • Byron, Shelley, and [Leigh Hunt] found a political newspaper, [The Liberal] (in Italy to avoid prosecution for sedition in Britain). Mary Shelley miscarries and narrowly escapes death. While convalescing at Casa Magni, Mary Shelley has a nightmare that might be considered a premonition of Shelley's death. Four editions of The Liberal are published, but after Shelley's death, the paper folds.
  • [Greece] declares its independence from the Ottoman Empire. When Ali Pasha allies himself with the rebellious Greeks, assassins are sent from Istanbul and bring his head back. A rebel Greek fleet destroys the Ottoman fleet after the latter's massacre on [Chios]. The Sultan sends an army which overruns Northern Greece, and the Greek government flees.
  • English is made the official language of the [Cape Colony] as British colonists begin to arrive in large numbers.
  • American abolitionists who imagine that freed slaves should be resettled in Africa, found the colony of [Liberia].
  • Denmark Vesey plans a slave revolt in [South Carolina], but he is betrayed before the scheduled date.
  • [Florida], recently taken from Spain, is organized as a US Territory. The territory's first nonvoting delegate to Congress, [Joseph Marion Hernández], is the first Hispanic to serve in that body.
  • [Mississippi] moves its capital to [Jackson, Mississippi|Jackson].
  • [Great Britain] finds itself opposed to the policies of the other Powers of Europe meeting at the [Congress of Verona], and the political alliance designed top keep another Napoleon from appearing begins to break down.

[1821] - 1822 - [1823]

[How I Made The Year Nodes|How they Were Made] - [19th Century]

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