Born in 1714:
Died in 1714:
Events of 1714:
The 1701 Act of Settlement had revised the English law of succession
so that no Catholic could inherit the throne. At the time the law
was passed, the closest Protestant heir was the aforementioned electress-dowager
Sophie, granddaughter of King James I. However, Sophie dies six
weeks before Queen Anne, and the throne passes to Sohpie's son, the Current
Elector of Hanover, George I. Many Catholic claimants with
otherwise stronger claims to the throne, especially James Edward Stewart,
are passed over. Recall that the Act Of Union between England and
Scotland did not occur until 1707. This will cause trouble later
Some more treaties making up what is now called the Peace of Utrecht,
ending The War of the Spanish Succession, are signed:
The Great Northern War continues. Swedish King Charles
XII is a prisoner in Turkey.
The Russian navy defeats the Swedish navy at the Battle of Hangö.
The Russian army captures most of Finland after winning the Battle of
Storkyro; the Finnish army retreats into Sweden.
(September) Charles leaves for home. He passes through Vienna and
Frankfurt before eventually landing in Swedish territory -- Stralsund
in Pomerania, the wrong side of the Baltic.
(December) The Ottoman Empire declares war against Venice, not
Russia, as Charles XII wanted.
The Maratha kingdom's civil war continues. The leader of one faction,
dowager Tarabai removes one son (Shivaji II) as King and installs another
(Sambhaji). The leader of the other faction, Shahu, still considers
Alexander Pope publishes his full version of The Rape of the Lock
for the first time.
Gabriel Fahrenheit invents the mercury thermometer and a temperature scale to measure it with.
Dominique Anel invents the hypodermic needle.
Tsar Peter the Great forbids the construction of stone buildings
in Moscow, to promote the development of his new capital, St. Petersburg.
The British colonies in North America taste tea for the first
time. This will cause trouble later on, as well.
The first French settlement west of the Mississippi River, Natchitoches, is founded.
1713 - 1714 - 1715
How they Were Made - 18th Century